12 خرداد 1397 117 بازدید
University of Oregon
2008‐2010 Biennial Review of Compliance with the
Drug Free School and Communities Act
Attached is the Biennial Review of the University of Oregon’s substance abuse prevention efforts for the
2008‐2009 and 2009‐2010 academic years and recommended actions for 2010‐2012.
The Drug Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989 (Attachment A) and subsequent legislation require
institutions of higher education to abide
by the regulations or risk losing eligibility for all forms of
financial assistance, whether from the Department of Education or other federal agencies, and may
require repayment of such assistance, including individual students’ federal grants, such as Pell Grants
The Act requires that the university:
- Prepare a
report every two years on the effectiveness of its alcohol and other drug
prevention programs and the consistency of sanction enforcement;
- Annually notify each enrolled student, in writing, of: the alcohol and other drug policies; the
sanctions for violation of federal, state and local law and campus policy; a description
health risks associated with alcohol and other drug use; and a description of available
- Annually provide all employees with the same type of notice.
This report presents the review of programs, policies, and enforcement and the recommended
improvements to the University of Oregon’s compliance with
the Drug Free Schools and Communities
Act. Programs and services are intended to educate about responsible use and prevent illegal use and
abuse. Programs are also intended to ensure that campuses enforce the disciplinary sanctions for
violating standards of conduct. Although the university’s drug and alcohol programs comply with federal
legislation, current staff members are advancing forward with support from university leadership to
accomplish more than mere compliance.
Included in this report is information addressing the Student Right to Know and Campus Security Act.
The Act became effective on November 8, 1990, and requires disclosure of criminal activity on campus
the previous three years to be distributed annually to all students and staff. Included in Attachment
C are the Annual Campus Security and the report that provides statistics for liquor law violations, drug
abuse violations, and other information that supplements the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act. If
any questions about the Biennial Review, please contact Sheryl Eyster, Associate Dean of
Students, at email@example.com or 541‐346‐1156.
This copy of the Biennial Review should be kept on file in the event of a federal audit. Periodically, the
U.S. Department of Education collects and reviews a national sample of
the reviews. Having the report
in your office provides easy and timely access if/when it is required for future requests.
Copies of the report are located in the following office:
Dr. Robin Holmes
Vice President for Student Affairs
5256 University of Oregon
Eugene, OR 97403‐5256
Additional copies located in the following offices:
The Office of the Dean of Students, 164 Oregon Hall
Office of General Counsel,
219 Johnson Hall
Human Resources, 463 Oregon Hall
Financial Aid and Scholarships, 260 Oregon Hall
- UNIVERSITY OF OREGON DFSCA NOTIFICATION TO STUDENTS
- A. Annual Notification Process: From 1990 until spring 2006, all federally mandated information was
printed in each term’s class schedule. This document was used by all students for academic planning. As
the availability of on‐line scheduling information increased, student use
of the printed schedules
decreased. The 2004 Biennial Review recommended evaluating the electronic transmittal of the
materials to students to insure that students who did not use the printed schedules would receive the
DFSA required material.
Since Spring 2006, the materials required by the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act
have been sent
electronically to all enrolled students (both undergraduate and graduate) at their official university e‐
mail account. A cover letter to students accompanied the information. Undeliverable email notices and
questions generated by the e‐mail were followed‐up individually by the Associate Dean of Students. In
addition, DFSCA information
was posted on the UO Dean of Students website front page. The DFSCA
letter along with the 1) written information regarding applicable federal, state, and local laws regarding
alcohol possession and use; 2) campus policies and standards of conduct regarding alcohol and drug use
and the related sanctions; 3) a
description of health risks associated with the use of alcohol and drugs;
and 4) a description of treatment and counseling programs available on campus can be reviewed in
The University plans to continue using electronic means of notifying students and will continue to
supplement this annual notice with targeted
distribution of the Drug Free Schools‐required materials as
Review of current status: Providing the required DFSA materials via electronic means appears to be an
effective way of reaching each enrolled student. With the requirement that students have official
university email accounts and the use of these
accounts for all official university communication,
students are accustomed to receiving and reviewing university material in this mode. Delivery of the
material in a separate email provided high visibility to the content.
Recommended Actions for 2010‐2012 regarding Student Notification:
- Continue electronic distribution of DFSCA materials to insure that
an annual notification occurs,
and that it reaches all enrolled students.
- Continue to determine whether additional delivery methods are needed to ensure that students
who are enrolled for less than full‐time (e.g. for a single term, summer only or a single class)
receive the required material.
OF OREGON DFSCA NOTIFICATION TO EMPLOYEES
- Annual Notification Process Each year the Director of Human Resources mails and distributes a
memorandum titled “Drugs, Alcohol and the University” to all university employees (Attachment E). The
- the University policy on drugs and alcohol in the workplace, including sanctions
- state and federal law applying to the possession or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol;
- health risks associated with the use of illicit drugs, nicotine, and the abuse of alcohol;
- a description of the UO’s Employee Assistance Program and the community programs available
to employees needing help with drug and alcohol problems.
New faculty and staff employees receive the above information at their orientation and all DFSCA
information is posted on the UO Human Resources website. Supervisors receive training
to ensure that
they understand the standards of conduct, the sanctions for violations, and the resources to which to
Review of current status: The methods for distributing the DFSCA materials appear to insure that all
employees, regardless of length of employment, received the information on at least an
Recommended Actions for 2010‐2012 regarding Employee Notification: No changes are suggested.
- BIENNIAL REVIEW OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OREGON ALCOHOL AND OTHER
DRUG PREVENTION PROGRAM
- Prevention Program Overview
The President’s Leadership Group for the Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug
and Violence Prevention reported, “student binge drinking and the many problems that arise from it are
among the most serious threats faced by our nation’s institutions of higher education.” At the national
level, alcohol and other drug abuse has been a concern for college campuses for decades, contributing
consequences for students and their academic experience, campus communities, and the
greater communities beyond the campus. In a study reported in the Journal of Alcohol Studies, 31
percent of college students met criteria for alcohol abuse diagnosis, and 6 percent for alcohol
dependence in the past 12 months (Knight et
al., 2002). From barriers to learning and achievement, to
unintentional injuries, incidents of sexual violence incidents, and death, alcohol and other drugs
continue to take a toll on students at institutions across the country (Hingson, Heeren, Zackocs,
Kopstein, & Weschler, 2002). In addition, town and gown relationships and costs associated
alcohol‐related problems for campuses and their local communities do not go unnoticed (Perkins, 2002;
Wechsler et al., 1995).
In the state of Oregon, the issue of alcohol and underage drinking is of great concern—particularly
because of the frequency and intensity of use with teens. Oregon’s Five Year Action
Agenda to Reduce
and Combat Underage Drinking reveals findings from underage drinking studies on Oregon teens. Of
significance was data from the 2007 Oregon Healthy Teens Survey showing 30.9 percent of 8th graders
and 48.7 percent of 11th graders reporting drinking alcohol in the past month. While national rates for
have been declining, Oregon’s rates have increased.
Although little research exists on how one of the most “serious threats faced by institutions” affects a
student’s ability to learn, achieve, and be retained, there are staggering statistics that demonstrate how
students are significantly impacted each year by the negative consequences of
alcohol and other drug
misuse and abuse. Several studies have suggested about 25 percent of college students report academic
consequences of their drinking including missing class, falling behind, doing poorly on exams and papers,
and receiving lower grades overall (Perkins, 2002). Another study suggests 40 percent of student
attrition cases involve
cases of substance abuse (Sullivan & Risler, 2002). If these statistics aren’t
compelling enough, the following numbers have also prompted institutions to be aggressive in their
response to this public health issue:
- 1,700 college students between the ages of 18 and 24 die each year from alcohol‐related
causes, making this the number one killer of college students.
- On college campuses nation‐wide, 599,000 unintentional injuries, 696,000 assaults, and 97,000
sexual assaults or acquaintance rapes occur each year (Hingson et
- In a study reported in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 31 percent of college students met
criteria for alcohol abuse diagnosis, and 6 percent for alcohol dependence in the past 12 months
(Knight et al., 2002).
- The students who drink the most are the least likely
to seek treatment, and are responsible for
the greatest number of alcohol‐related problems on the campus. (Presley and Pimental, 2006).
The Scope of the Problem at the UO
When students arrive on college campuses, they have a tendency to increase their drinking (Nelson,
Naimi, Brewer, Wechsler, 2005). Alcohol and other drug misuse and abuse have taken a significant toll
on the UO campus. Longitudinal data on the high risk/heavy episodic “binge” drinking (high risk/heavy
episodic) rate of UO
students have consistently been reported at 44 percent of the UO student body for
over 15 years (Blake Jones, 2004). In the 2010 National College Health Assessment (Attachment F), 21
percent of UO students participating in the survey indicated they were physically injured as a result of
their drinking, 36.5 percent
reported doing something they later regretted, and 34 percent forgot where
they were or what they had done as a result of their drinking. In addition, only 26 percent of UO
students paced drinks to one or fewer an hour when they were “partying” or socializing with alcohol.
violations have also remained steady during this review period. According to the 2010 Annual
Security and Fire Safety Report (Attachment C), on campus liquor law violations were 1,180 in 2008 and
1,222 in 2009. In addition, the frequency of alcohol related emergency room visits at local hospitals are
rise; and the percentage students self‐reporting they consume five or more drinks at a party has
increased by 10 percent since 1998 (Blake Jones, 2004). Marijuana violations and citations also continue
to be “ever‐present.” The local neighborhoods surrounding the University of Oregon have recently
increased their presence and have
begun to ask for increased accountability from the 4 University and
local law enforcement for problems associated with alcohol in the neighborhoods. From property
damage and disturbances, to public drunkenness, the issues place a strain on town and gown
During the 2008‐1010 biennial review time period, the Office
of the Dean of Students formed a small
workgroup and began reviewing AOD efforts on the campus, with a goal to develop a framework to
transform and advance student learning, and significantly reduce high risk alcohol and other drug use
with students at the University of Oregon. At the conclusion of
that review period, a strategic plan was
Current Prevention Efforts on the UO Campus
Current prevention efforts on the UO campus have operated in a decentralized model for over a decade.
Although the campus received national recognition when selected by the U.S. Department of Education
as one of the top substance abuse prevention programs in the country
in 1997 and secured significant
federal grant funding in 1999, the campus was unable to institutionalize positions and secure adequate
funding after the time‐limited funding subsided. After the grant was completed, high risk usage rates of
populations that were targeted (primarily first year students) increased in two years by almost
percent. This information was cited in a ten year longitudinal examination of the manifestation of the
substance abuse problem on the University of Oregon campus (Blake Jones, 2004). Since that time,
departments within Student Affairs have strived to maintain visibility and partner with campus
colleagues, but have been less
than effective and far from comprehensive than comparator institutions.
Despite resource constraints, units across campus have been able to move forward with smaller,
evidenced based, strategies, and “best practice” efforts in the 2008‐2010 biennial review period to
address alcohol and other drug abuse on the campus. Examples include the following:
- Alcohol and sexual assault prevention programs for all first year students at IntroDUCKtion
- The University Counseling and Testing Center’s program, Choices: A Brief Alcohol Abuse
Prevention and Harm Reduction Program. The program is an educational group intervention for
students sanctioned by the Office of Student Conduct
and Community Standards and University
Housing following an alcohol or other drug violation.
- The University Counseling and Testing Center’s Drug and Alcohol Clinical Review (DACI). The
DACI consists of at least two meetings with a Counseling and Testing Center counselor in which
students explore substance use. In addition to the
meetings, students are asked to complete
other individualized activities and assignments that help them explore their alcohol use.
- The hiring of a new staff member in the University Counseling and Testing Center that works
with student interventions for alcohol and other drug issues.
- The Alcohol Policy Group’s oversight
and monitoring of consistent policies and regulation of all
alcohol events on the campus.
- The Office of the Dean of Students “CommUniversity Resource Assistant” program, a program
that targets first‐year students transitioning to off‐campus neighborhoods
and uses community‐based strategies of education, policy, and enforcement to assist
in becoming engaged, responsible citizens in the community.
- Government and Community Relations’ proactive measures with campus and community
partners to strengthen town and gown efforts, including active participation with livability issues
in neighborhoods surrounding the University.
- The University Health Center’s commitment in the collection of pertinent data through
assessment (National College Health Assessment) that guides any work on alcohol and other
drug prevention for the campus for the campus.
- Fraternity and Sorority Life’s ongoing commitment to hold Greek chapter houses accountable
for their standards, and focus on the values of leadership, scholarship, and philanthropy.
enhanced programs and services offered by Physical Education and Recreation with record
numbers of students in attendance.
- The academic courses and workshops offered through the University’s Substance Abuse
Prevention Program (SAPP), including a new educational track for the Certified Prevention
Specialist (CPS). This certification is recognized as having the best
education in leading strategies
and programs to reduce alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use.
- Intercollegiate Athletics new education and prevention program for their athletes.
- The UO Department of Public Safety’s proposal for expanded initiatives in creating a campus
safety program that impacts the quality of life within the core and edge campus communities
and decreases the number of complaints forwarded to the University.
- The number of innovative programs that are developed and implemented
each year by students
and staff on the campus—none of which include alcohol. Examples of annual programs include
the 300+ programs initiated during Fall Week of Welcome; the hundreds of cultural, social,
educational, and academic programs throughout the year coordinated by students; intentional
efforts coordinated by staff including “Intermingle,” watch
parties in residence halls for athletic
events, the robust annual Halloween prevention programs, Spring Break Safety program; and
the Holden Leadership Center’s growing leadership program, including a strong volunteer
program, service learning program, alternative spring break program, and leadership
- The University Health Center and University Counseling and Testing
Center’s outreach program’s
efforts to address alcohol and other drugs throughout the year.
- The collaborative efforts with several campus committees (Campus Community Relations Task
Force, UO Substance Abuse Prevention Workgroup, Alcohol Policy Group, Safe Campus Advisory
Team, Weekly Campus Debrief, Dean’s Consultation Committee, Good Neighbor Workgroup,
and special workgroups)
that proactively work on alcohol and other drug prevention and
- University Housing’s intentional efforts throughout the year, providing hundreds of social,
cultural, educational and academic programs –none of which include alcohol in the residence
- The University Health Center’s peer health educator outreach programs. These peers are
group of students who work together to promote wellness by increasing awareness of student
health issues and encouraging positive lifestyle choice and decision‐making skills.
- The Sexual Wellness Advocacy Team’s (SWAT) outreach programs. All programs convey
messages about consent and alcohol.
- Marketing prevention efforts around alcohol are
conducted throughout the year –During the
biennial review period, a harm reduction campaign was developed through students and staff in
the School of Journalism with support from the Office of the Dean of Students and University
- The Counseling Center’s New Directions support group, a group designed to explore
behaviors, raise awareness, and provide skills to change behavior patterns.
- During this Biennial Review period, the Vice President for Student Affairs invited a cross‐campus
group of individuals to make wellness a priority for the UO campus. The Healthy Campus Task
Force recommended pursuing a campus wellness initiative
by developing a coalition of key
stakeholders to move the UO strategically toward wellness for students, faculty, and staff,
making the UO campus community a healthy place to live, learn, and work (Attachment G). The
task force set a goal to propose a cohesive and comprehensive approach to health and well
being for the University of Oregon.
To advance this goal, the task force defined the following objectives:
1) Identify current programs and services that promote a healthy life style and healthy choices for
students, faculty, and staff.
2) Identify ways to unify our efforts to boost the efficiency and add
value to current Healthy
Campus programs and services.
3) Identify the benefits to the University in supporting the Healthy Campus Initiative and relate the
initiative to the University Mission Statement, the University Academic Plan, the Student Affairs
Strategic Plan, and other similar plans and documents.
4) Develop recommendations for the organizational structure, staffing, and funding to support the
Healthy Campus Initiative.
Immediate actions from the Task Force included the hiring of a Health Campus Initiatives Director for
the campus. Effective February 2011, the Healthy Campus Initiatives staff member will begin their
employment. The director will
lead efforts in advancing the goals and recommendations of the task
- The University also received a generous gift of $675,000 from PacificSource Health Plans for its
Healthy Campus Initiative to provide program support for campus health wellness and
- The campus also celebrated a high profile
campus kick‐off event on October 26, the Healthy
- The University of Oregon and Oregon State University co‐hosted the Pacific Coast College Health
Association Conference in Eugene, October 24, 2010, bringing together leaders from college
campuses to discuss health issues for the college student population.
- The Substance Abuse Prevention Program (SAPP) joined with community partners to
Oregon Prevention Conference in September 2010. The conference provided participants with
the latest research, prevention strategies, and best practices regarding the prevention and
health promotion across disciplines for AOD issues. The goals of the conference were to 1)
highlight Oregon and the Pacific Northwest’s outstanding research and data;
knowledge on current research and provide evidenced‐based strategies and tools that will assist
communities in strengthening new and existing programs that decrease adverse health effects;
and 3) expand collaboration among partners across disciplines.
Review of the Status of the Current Campus Approach:
With very limited resources over
the last decade, staff members across the campus have relied on their
noble collaborative efforts and a “band‐aid approach” with AOD prevention and intervention measures.
Collaborative efforts with several campus committees (Campus Community Relations Task Force, UO
Substance Abuse Prevention Workgroup, Alcohol Policy Group, Safe Campus Advisory Team, weekly
Debrief, Dean’s Consultation Committee, Good Neighbor Workgroup, and special workgroups)
have all been somewhat successful in advancing a common vision, as well as advancing initiatives.
Despite these efforts, the programs have resulted in the inefficiency of staff members’ efforts and less
than effective programs. Gaps with at‐risk student populations
and the overall campus community have
also been identified.
A recent conceptual framework for prevention efforts identified by the National Institute on Alcohol
Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) suggests that prevention efforts are most effective when they are
directed at multiple levels, which include:
- individuals (including at‐ risk
subpopulations or alcohol dependent drinkers);
- groups of students;
- the institution; and
- surrounding community.
Extensive research conducted by a variety of sources call for comprehensive plans for university
substance abuse prevention efforts that are evidenced‐based, multi‐pronged, and sustained over time in
order to be effective.
As in the larger community, the focus of prevention efforts on campus must be shared between
efforts, intervention and/or treatment efforts, and law/policy enforcement. A growing
interest for prospective students and their families on college campuses is the development of programs
that support the thousands of students coming to campus who are in recovery from alcohol and other
addictions. Prevention efforts that are both environmental (policies and
procedures in place, array of
activities offered, adequate intervention and treatment resources, etc.) and normative (establishing
campus/community norms, population norms, subpopulation norms and individual assessment of
behaviors related to norms) are considered the most effective and promising.
In order to achieve a comprehensive approach to reduction of overall
alcohol use by the student body,
the UO supports the need to adopt a strategic approach that is responsive to 8 the needs of individuals,
groups, the institution, and the greater community, based on evidenced‐based practices and public
health models, reflective of developmental and demographic profiles of the UO
student population, and
collaborative with related campus and community partners.
Recommended actions include initiating a proposal aimed at transforming the campus culture. The
Office of the Dean of Students should engage all stakeholders in reducing the high‐risk usage that leads
to problems at multiple levels: the individual student level; groups;
the institution; and the greater
community to reduce the negative effects of alcohol and other drug abuse on the campus.
The plan should emphasize a commitment from the entire campus community, alumni, parents, and
greater community in addressing the problem of alcohol and other drugs at the UO.
should be considered: Incorporation of the 3‐in‐1 Framework through the National
Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the primary national resource for assisting colleges
and universities in developing and carrying out evidenced‐based alcohol and other drug problem
prevention and interventions on campuses and surrounding communities.
Steps for AOD Efforts on the UO Campus:
1) Acquire operational budget and funding for 1.0 FTE AOD staff member that will provide the
vision and leadership to execute the recommended activities of the Blueprint for the Future
2) Utilize spring 2010 data from the National College Health Assessment
(NCHA) to inform and
guide strategic planning efforts.
3) In collaboration with campus and community partners, begin carrying out recommended
4) Begin steps to position campus for state and federal grant funding opportunities.
Specific recommended actions include initiatives that are integrated throughout the campus (versus the
model). These initiatives utilize a social ecological framework targeting multiple
levels: individual students, groups, campus community, and the greater community. The model
developed by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) includes a typology matrix
for collegiate‐based alcohol and other drug abuse prevention. The framework utilized in this proposal
has been adopted from Experience in Effective Prevention, a
publication of the Higher Education Center
for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Program.
The following actions are provided in the Blue Print of the Future: A Comprehensive, Evidenced Based
Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) Strategic Plan for the University of Oregon. These recommended
actions address biennial review requirements and include short term and long term actions to be
carried out through the work
of a campus substance abuse prevention coalition in collaboration with
community partners at the UO.
PREVENTION (change knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviors regarding alcohol consumption)
Strategic Interventions Aimed at Individuals
1) Require population‐level, on‐line prevention program as a primary prevention initiative (e.g.
AlcoholEdu) of all incoming students in an effort to support student success. Identify follow up
measures for students that screen as “high risk.”
2) Students enrolling for the first time at the University will be sent
an e‐mail from the President of
the University or the Vice President for Student Affairs, highlighting a commitment to and
expectations of a healthy, safe, vibrant, and powerfully intellectual campus. Along with being
committed to their academic pursuits, students will be highly encouraged to participate in
fitness, recreation, service learning,
and civic engagement opportunities.
3) Initiate routine AOD screening for all students accessing services at the University Health
4) Require students to affirm online during the registration process that they have read,
understand, and will adhere to the student conduct code.
5) Continue to require all students at IntroDUCKtion
to attend the innovative theater production
that focuses on sexual assault, interpersonal violence, and high risk drinking. The production is
created by students in collaboration with the Office of the Dean of Students and the UO Theatre
Department. Students learn about the effects of high‐risk drinking and how to respond
friend/student that has had too much to drink; how to identify and respond to acts of violence;
and what to do when they observe acts of bias.
6) Provide information for on‐campus and off‐campus student populations that communicate the
alcohol policies, consequences, resources, alcohol‐free options
on the campus and in the
7) Refine the Off Campus Living Guide that is distributed to students transitioning from residence
halls to off campus living environments.
8) Collaborate with Physical Education and Recreation and the University Health Center to develop
new prevention strategies with Rec Center users that increase
the focus on being healthy and
reducing risky behavior with alcohol and other drugs.
Strategic Interventions Aimed at Groups
1) Initiate a new program in high‐risk student populations (e.g. Fraternity and Sorority Life,
athletes in Intercollegiate Athletics) that provides students joining a chapter or team to
participate in a cognitive behavioral skills training program. The program will also address
refusal/resistance skills; teach students how to intervene with friends
that have had too much to
drink; and be firmly embedded with each organization’s core values.
2) Provide training/assistance on AOD signs for referrals for departments that work with large
numbers of students who have compromised their academic situations or their safety. Examples
of units include Academic Advising, University Housing, Department
of Public Safety, Fraternity
and Sorority Life, and campus departments that employ students.
3) Collaborate with Intercollegiate Athletics, Department of Public Safety, Physical Education and
Recreation, University Health Center, and Office of Dean of Students to promote the health and
safety messages (created by students) in innovative ways on campus and with the off‐campus
4) It is common practice for Residence Life to emphasize AOD issues aimed at risk reduction, as
well as support students who choose not to drink during the first critical six weeks for new
students on the campus. There are numerous other departments on the campus that could be
powerful partners in conveying consistent messages in an effort to begin shifting campus
culture. Messaging, including social norms campaigns, can be integrated throughout the campus
including marketing messages with Intercollegiate Athletics, the Recreation Center through
instructors in fitness courses, the University Bookstore when students are purchasing textbooks,
Fraternity and Sorority recruitment venues, courses that attract significant first year students
(FIG courses, Writing 121, etc.) and departments on campus that hire students.
5) Develop a publication for all faculty and staff that addresses the critical role
they play in the
academy as it relates to engaging students throughout the week and reducing the number of
students starting their weekends on Thursdays; educate faculty and staff on the “messaging”
sent to students about drinking; ask the number of undergraduate and graduate students who
don’t drink; request departments
that sponsor events with alcohol (specifically for graduate
school events) to also consider the number of students who choose not to drink; where
appropriate, encourage faculty and staff to engage students in coursework and promote
relevant AOD research.
6) Develop and provide all registered student organizations with a publication that emphasizes
harm reduction, protective strategies and “bystander intervention” materials that are
distributed to members of their organization.
7) Develop messages to parents of incoming students and affirm that high risk use and abuse of
alcohol does not have to be a part of their student’s experience; provide resources to parents
8) Initiate dialogue with the Alumni Association and how their efforts can promote positive and
negative messages about the UO student experience and campus culture. Enlist their support in
sending reminder messages to alumni prior to major university events (home football games,
Family Weekends, etc.) about low‐risk drinking and
Strategic Interventions Aimed at the Institution
1) The campus prevention proposal aligns with one of the Big Ideas, Human Health and
Performance: Helping People by Putting Theory into Action. Foster new cross‐institutional
collaborations from a variety of academic disciplines to encourage scholarship and engage
faculty in the study of addictive disorders research that contributes to
the improvement of
prevention, intervention, and treatment strategies on college campuses nation‐wide.
2) In collaboration with campus partners (Admissions, First Year Programs, Intercollegiate
Athletics, Media Relations, etc.), craft consistent messages for key University publications and
publications from departments and University organizations that begins shifting the student
experience to a campus
culture this is a vibrant, healthy, powerful and intellectual community.
3) Establish a formal relationship with School of Journalism and Communication for a proposal to
designate a semester‐long class to become the “engine” for extensive, innovative, student‐
driven AOD campaigns for the campus each year; partner with Intercollegiate Athletics,
University Housing, University Health Center, other departments and outside funding sources to
make an annual contribution to the student driven campaign.
4) Forge partnership with Admissions, University Ambassador program, and Orientation staff to
craft new messaging in describing the campus culture and student experience (with an emphasis
on wellness and health
promotion) to potential students and their parents, and high school
5) Review campus prevention websites that include AOD information; promote easy access,
eliminate mixed messages and inconsistencies, and provide clear information to students about
policies, prevention and intervention resources.
Strategic Interventions Aimed at the Greater Community
1) In collaboration with city leadership and Government and Community Relations, expand the
annual Fall Community Welcome initiative that welcomes students in off‐campus neighborhood
populations and provides information to them regarding their rights as students and their
obligations to the greater community.
2) Sustain and refine all existing efforts
with the community including the Campus Community
Relations Task Force (CCRTF), CommUniversity Resource Assistant Program, Substance Abuse
Prevention Team, Safe Campus Advisory Team, Alcohol Policy Group, and Good Neighbors
3) Partner with landlords that are renting to students to provide consistent messages to students
about their rights and responsibilities as
tenants and obligations as citizens in the greater
community. Initiate innovative and new programs that target high‐risk usage of alcohol and
4) Convene campus substance abuse prevention team monthly; increase faculty participation to
the team; increase visibility of AOD efforts to the campus, prospective students and families,
the greater community, and throughout the state of Oregon. Strengthen the campus coalition,
and also develop an advisory group to the staff member leading and executing the campus wide
INTERVENTION AND HEALTH PROTECTION—Provide responses to high risk drinking and use harm‐
reduction methods to protect students from
the consequences of alcohol consumption
Strategic Interventions Aimed at Individuals
1) Support the University Counseling and Testing Center’s efforts in sustaining the one‐on‐one,
Drug and Clinical Interviews (DACI) for students for substance use.
2) Support the University Counseling and Testing Center’s New Directions Support Group, a group
for students interested in exploring addictive behaviors, raising awareness, and providing
for changing behavior patterns.
3) Review data from underrepresented students in an effort to look at usage and gaps in services
Strategic Interventions Aimed at Groups
1) Support the University Counseling and Testing Center’s commitment to refine the selective,
evidenced‐based, CHOICES: A Brief Alcohol Abuse Prevention and Harm Reduction Program for
self‐referred students and students referred by University Housing or Office of Student Conduct
and Community Standards. “Choices” is delivered in a group setting
and uses Interactive
Journaling, strategies for change, group discussion, and group feedback. Eventual
implementation of other evidenced‐based programs such as the following: BASICS (Brief Alcohol
Screening and Intervention for College Students, the Alcohol Skills Training Program (ASTP), and
an evidenced‐based marijuana intervention program should be explored for future
2) Support the Substance Abuse Prevention Program (SAPP) current efforts in offering the M.O.D.
(Marijuana and Other Drugs) program to UO students who have violated the student conduct
code, along with satisfying court education requirements when someone is cited for less than an
ounce of marijuana. M.O.D. focuses on the risky behaviors associated with use, the short and
long term physical, psychological, emotional, and legal consequences of using marijuana.
3) Require training on how to intervene with students who have had too much to drink with
current student “safe ride” programs (Designated Driver Shuttle,
and Assault Prevention Shuttle)
to minimize risk.
4) Develop new practices with Fraternity and Sorority Life around “pre‐funking” prior to chapter
sponsored events. Request Infraternity Council and PanHellenic Council to adopt new practices
for chapter members and guests that do not allow intoxicated students to enter their events or
participate in their activities; assist chapter leadership in learning how to identify and refer
students for help to the University Counseling and Testing Center for AOD issues.
5) Create a marketing campaign through the University Health Center peer health program that
promotes non‐use of alcohol for those under the minimum
legal drinking age of 21 and allows
students to learn how to set drink limits if they choose to drink and are of age. Collaborate with
student organizations to create a “Stay in the Green” harm reduction initiative in an effort to
teach students how to keep their BAC (blood
alcohol concentration) at low levels and set drink
6) Require appropriate “group interventions” for student organizations and groups that have
violated university policy, or caused attention that requires administrative intervention.
7) Heavily promote the emergency protocols for alcohol related emergencies to on‐campus as well
as off‐campus student populations;
revisit the “good Samaritan policy.”
8) Initiate conversations with academic affairs about the number of potential graduate students in
recovery on the campus, and the message that is sent from many departments for recruitment,
orientation, and year‐round departmental activities—especially to international students
coming from cultures where drinking is not
a part of the culture.
9) If AlcoholEdu is funded, review data to determine prior usage of students before their
attendance to the UO to reshape programs for first year students entering the institution.
10) Track the number of repeat offenders for alcohol and other drug violations through the Student
and Community Standards Office.
Strategic Interventions Aimed at the Institution
1) Review student conduct code and assess effectiveness of existing alcohol sanctions with
2) Develop a practice at the institution that updates a student’s emergency contact information
each term during the class registration process.
3) Develop assessment plan to address efficacy with UO college student population; develop and
the metrics of assessment and evaluation for measureable outcomes
4) Conduct the College Alcohol Risk Assessment biannually with members of the Substance Abuse
Prevention Team, interested CCRTF members and students taking a research course. Utilize
students to assist in analyzing the data.
5) Review current University policies, protocols and enforcement procedures
related to alcohol
use and abuse: examine protocols and practices associated with alcohol use and abuse at
Autzen Stadium. Review use within the stadium, parking lots, associated parking adjacent to the
stadium before and after scheduled events. Review practices and policies at other athletic
events regarding use and abuse of
ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE—Eliminate or modify environmental factors that contribute to the
problem (e.g., policy development and enforcement, offering alcohol free options)
Strategic Interventions Aimed at Individuals
1) Through effective policy efforts, eliminate the barriers to students intervening with their friends
in alcohol poisoning emergencies and increase the likelihood students will call for medical
2) Create separate marketing campaigns with the School of Journalism and Communication that
are aimed at separate student populations (.e.g., the Balance
the Buzz media campaign for
drinkers, and a different campaign, My Story, for non drinkers and students in recovery).
Strategic Interventions Aimed at Groups
1) Initiate conversations with area liquor retailers, bars, and restaurants in an effort to discuss
“drink specials” that encourage excessive abuse of alcohol; explore opportunities for these
partners to adopt or promote media campaigns created on the campus (Balance the Buzz, Stay
in the Green, etc.)
2) Re‐evaluate substance‐
free housing and its effectiveness.
Strategic Interventions Aimed at the Institution
1) Establish a centralized, visible, AOD office that is funded adequately to provide leadership to
campus‐wide alcohol and other drug prevention and intervention, and to execute
recommendations within this proposal.
2) The proposal will serve as one underpinning for Oregon 2020, allowing the opportunity for
expanded efforts to further
promote student learning and transform campus culture.
3) Establish a standardized campus venue that has the quality of programs students (primarily
underage students) are seeking, at the same time as providing alternatives to the bar scene.
4) Collaborate with Intercollegiate Athletics to sponsor an alcohol‐free tailgate party for students
student organizations at Autzen for football games. Students showing any signs of
intoxication would not be allowed into the event; provide incentives or some type of publicity
for all other organizations coordinating tailgates that are socializing without alcohol.
5) Explore ideas with Faculty Senate leadership to promote stronger academic engagement
students throughout the entire week.
6) Through the Alcohol Policy Group, continue to review all campus social host practices to ensure
that safeguards have been identified to minimize high risk and underage drinking, and continue
to refine responsible beverage service policies and ensure enforcement of alcohol polices on the
7) Strengthen relationships with local hospitals (regarding student alcohol poisonings and alcohol
related emergencies) in an effort to design stronger referral networks between hospital and
campus; create protocols between hospitals, University Health Center and University Counseling
Center to ensure that students are consistently offered follow‐up services.
8) Continue current
best practices of mandatory server training for alcohol events at the UO.
9) Institutionalize funding and support to the growing CommUniversity Resource Assistant
Program for UO the off‐campus student population; hire 2 CRAs for each neighborhood that
surrounds the UO (West University, South University, Fairmont, and Amazon). Investigate the
of a formal connection with the Department of Planning, Public Policy and
Management to create an internship site for students serving as CRAs. Establish formal
connection with Service Learning Program so CRAs can undertake initiatives in their community
utilizing support from the Holden Leadership Center.
10) Continue to strengthen relationships with city partners including neighborhood associations,
landlords, and local law enforcement by collaborating on projects (community engagement
initiatives with the CommUniversity Resource Assistant program; service learning projects
through the Holden Leadership Center; Off Campus Housing Fair; Sustainability Program that
addresses sustainability efforts with students in the
neighborhoods that have potential for
improving the quality of neighborhoods).
11) Through the Good Neighbor Workgroup (Government and Community Relations, Department of
Public Safety, Office of the Dean of Students, and Media Relations), respond proactively to
neighborhood concerns that involve off campus students; initiate contact and facilitate
meaningful conversations; and
look for solutions to change behaviors that are affecting the
quality of life of others in the neighborhood.
12) Develop a strategic assessment program of AOD prevention and intervention efforts using data
from the ACHA‐NCHA survey (administered in two year intervals), the Core Alcohol and Drug
Survey, statistics on enforcement
through the Department of Public Safety, Student Conduct
and Community Standards statistics and outcomes, statistics from local law enforcement, data
from students participating in Choices classes, number of disturbances reported through the
Good Neighbor Hotline, etc. Baseline data on students’ level of consumption and related
variables, overall and by selected
characteristics, from the initial NCHA and Core Surveys will be
compared to data collected at a later date to help determine whether students’ behaviors or
alcohol‐related perceptions have changed. The information will provide information to inform
campus leaders with AOD efforts.
13) Examine the role of alumni and their role
with AOD prevention and intervention initiatives, and
in campus‐wide celebratory events (homecoming, tailgates, home football games, etc.). In
addition, develop marketing efforts to consistently promote responsible use at the events.
14) Continue increased role and presence of the Department of Public Safety at Autzen on home
football game days
at the new Matt Court Arena, and on campus at key times of the academic
year (Halloween, Week of Welcome, critical first six weeks of the fall term).
15) Explore university policies regarding funding from the alcohol industry (e.g., alcohol industry
logos in high traffic athletic facilities) and whether there are
any negative impacts on the
student experience or the campus culture as a result of the advertising.
Strategic Interventions Aimed at the Greater Community
1) Examine the current Code of Student Conduct and its limitations with off campus student
behavior; examine ways to improve and intervene with students exhibiting high‐risk behavior or
behavior that affects the quality of life in off‐campus neighborhoods.
2) In an effort to continue to improve the quality
of life in the neighborhoods adjacent to the
University, continue to explore research‐based alcohol prevention strategies that are effective
for the neighborhoods surrounding the University (e.g., current enforcement does not deter
underage drinking at house parties off campus); promote student involvement in neighborhood
leadership positions; provide information to students on
responsible hosting, city ordinances,
and the rights and responsibilities of becoming a member in the community; communicate
monthly to off campus students via newsletters and publications; coordinate annual Housing
Fair to provide resources to students and assist students in their transition of understanding
their rights and their responsibilities as they
move off campus from the residence halls; create
educational resources and an off campus website that can be accessed readily.
3) Explore programs with city partners that could be directed at environmental strategies in
promoting responsible beverage service policies in the Eugene community.
4) Work in partnership with the Department of
Public Safety in providing support to develop a
successful community engagement safety program that impacts the quality of life within the
core and edge campus communities and decreases the number of complaints forwarded to the
5) Support the Substance Abuse Prevention Program’s (SAPP) efforts to offer their educational
track for the Certified Prevention Specialist (CPS). A professional with this certification is
recognized as having the best education in leading strategies and
programs to reduce alcohol,
tobacco and other drug use, thereby encouraging a healthier individual and community.
TREATMENT AND INTERVENTION
Strategic Interventions Aimed at Individuals
1) Explore the possibility of adding questions to the NCHA survey administered on campus to
determine the number of students who have been through treatment prior to coming to the UO
and if their ongoing recovery needs are being met.
2) Assist community organizing in promoting Twelve Step programs and
alternatives to Twelve
Step programs for students.
Strategic Interventions Aimed at the Institution
1) Investigate the feasibility of becoming one of two institutions in the West, and fifteen in the U.S.
to establish a Collegiate Recovery Community on a university campus. As the increased number
of college students in recovery grows and develops their resiliency, it has become increasingly
difficult for campuses to
demonstrate they are safe and healthy environments for all students.
Though recovery programs have traditionally been based on the field of substance abuse
treatment, the growing movement of relapse prevention strategy and recovery into the field of
prevention offers new opportunities for practitioners, family and community involvement to
promote long term
recovery from substance abuse and dependency. Institutions of higher
education have been slow and in some cases nonexistent in integrating recovery support
services for students on the campus. A model introduced in 2002 and adopted by the Substance
Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSA) has been introduced as a
to develop specific interventions for the college population. The model targets the following:
a. Emotional support – peer mentoring, recovery coaching, recovery support groups, twelve
step and other recovery support groups
b. Instrumental support – giving concrete assistance in task accomplishment and removing
barriers for success, (e.g., academic advising
c. Companionship – helping people in recovery feel connected; especially in alcohol free and
drug free environments (e.g., recovery celebrations and informational recovery month
d. Informational support – help in acquiring new skills and provides recovering individuals with
the tools to be successful in their roles as students, family
members, employees and citizens
The recovery community model’s primary purpose is to create and sustain programs and
services that promote a culture of abstinence from alcohol and other drugs and that assist
students in their quest for recovery. The program supports the development of resiliency in
recovering students who often
lack the personal, social, academic, and professional skills
necessary to be successful.
2) Promote and publicize recovery services for students; investigate the number of students who
have been through treatment programs prior to coming to the UO, meeting the gaps that exist
in needs of these students.
3) Investigate and
determine what gaps may exist in meeting the needs of students in recovery.
Strategic Interventions Aimed at the Greater Community
1) Strengthen relationships with treatment programs in the community and throughout the state
to ensure quality effective coordination of referrals for students.
- REVIEW OF CONSISTENCY OF POLICY AND SANCTION ENFORCEMENT
- The Student Conduct Code
Previous Biennial Reviews suggested that the university examine and update all policies regularly.
Conduct Code may be used to address alleged misconduct off campus if the incident involves violence or
produces a reasonable fear of physical harm. Though not specifically addressing alcohol, some
universities allow for their conduct offices to address specific cases of off‐campus misconduct that are
related to alcohol
or other drug use, improving the consistency of enforcement of policies. This topic is
part of the ongoing discussion in the campus’ review of the student conduct code to ensure consistency
in policies and in enforcement.
- Student Conduct Code Enforcement
Sanctions imposed for individuals found responsible for alcohol or
controlled substance infractions were
consistent with the guidelines described in the Conduct Code and reported in previous Biennial Reviews.
Campus offices including the Office of the Dean of Students, Office of Student Conduct and Community
Standards, University Housing, Department of Public Safety and Office of Fraternity and Sorority Life
to identify possible gaps in enforcement. During the Biennium, the Office of Student
Conduct and Community Standards continued to provide training to various student groups,
organizations, and staff members. Crime statistics that capture Student Conduct Code violations,
including liquor law violations, drug law arrests, and drug law violations referred for
are listed in the Annual Security and Fire Safety Report (Attachment C).
- Fraternity and Sorority Standards
Fraternity and sorority chapters at UO were required to adopt and meet new standards by December
2002 if they wanted to remain affiliated with the university. The standards addressed academic
leadership, community service and healthy living environment and are part of the on‐
going campus effort to review policies and practices to reinforce standards.
The UO Endorsement Standards were implemented in 2001 by a representative committee of University
personnel, students, and alumni. The purpose of this program is to hold
chapters accountable to
specified University standards and to motivate student leaders and their organizations to achieve
excellence. Categories of compliance include:
Academic Achievement, Leadership Development, Service to Community, and Healthy Living. The
Endorsement Program has realized a significant amount of success since its inception. Academic
performance has improved dramatically. The current
system wide cumulative GPA exceeds the all‐
University GPA. This achievement has been consistent over the last two years. As part of the Healthy
Living category, all chapter houses maintain a substance free policy. The changes in the standards for
fraternities and sororities created new roles for the live‐in
advisors of the chapters. To assist the
advisors, the Fraternity and Sorority staff initiated regular sessions with the live‐in advisors and various
campus and community organizations to discuss alcohol, drug and sexual assault issues. Live‐in adults 19
for each chapter facility have contributed to positive development in chapter living conditions.
- Smoke and Tobacco Free Campus
During the last biennial review, efforts were made to investigate the UO in becoming a smoke and
tobacco free campus. The change will go into effect Fall 2012. In addition a
$1 million gift that will assist
in funding other healthy campus initiatives, health related programs has occurred. The decision was
made to reduce the risks of second hand smoke exposure and to provide a healthier environment for
students, faculty, staff and visitors.
- Alcohol Beverage Policy on the Campus
Fiscal Policy Manual FASOM 56.100 Generally institution funds may not be expended to purchase
alcoholic beverages. Alcoholic beverages may be served at banquets and other special group activities
conducted as part of a workshop only if full cost of such beverages is recovered through charges to the
participants or sponsoring
group. The institution is responsible for compliance with all laws and Oregon
Liquor Control Commission regulations, including obtaining a one‐day license for servicing beer and
wine. Income and costs must be accounted for in the appropriate fund. An appropriate fund would be
one that can receive revenue from outside the
Oregon University System and may have expenses for
hosting groups and guests. Auxiliary Enterprise funds, Institutional Operations funds (income/expense
funds) and Agency funds would be appropriate. General Fund indexes would not be appropriate.
Permission to serve alcohol on campus forms (VP for Finance and Administration Web Site)
Food Requirements When Serving Alcoholic Beverages:
Alcohol service must always be accompanied by appropriate Food Service, per Oregon Liquor Control
Commission guidelines. Food service is limited to University Catering unless otherwise approved by the
Vice President for Student Affairs, Catering Policies and Costs
; submit Catering Waiver Forms to UO
Recommended Actions for 2008‐2010 regarding Review of consistency of policy and sanction
- Establish a Fraternity and Sorority Life Standards Committee to review current standards and
make recommendations for chapters
- In collaboration with campus partners, monitor the enforcement of the new smoke and
- Continue to utilize the Alcohol Policy Group to monitor all incoming requests to serve alcohol
on the campus
Blake Jones, L.; Dissertation. “Social Norms, Environmental Management, Campus Culture and Context:
A Case Study of the Dynamics Shaping High Risk Drinking Behaviors of College Students,” 2004.
Experiences in Effective Prevention, U.S. Department of Education, May 2007.
Hingson. R.W.; Heeren, T.; Zakocs, R.C.; Kopstein, A.; and Wechsler, H. “Magnitude of
Mortality and Morbidity among U.S. College Students Ages 18‐24.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol,
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Dependence among U.S. College Students.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63: 263‐
National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of
Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM‐IV), American Psychiatric Association.
Nelson, T.F., Naimi, T. S., Brewer, R. D., & Wechsler, H. (2005). The State Sets the Rate: The Relationship
of College Binge Drinking to State Binge
Drinking Rates and Selected State Alcohol Control Policies.
American Journal of Public Health., 95 (3): 441‐446.
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Perkins, H. W. “Surveying the Damage: A Review of Research on Consequences of Alcohol Misuse in
College Populations.” Journal of
Studies on Alcohol, (Suppl. 14): 91‐100, 2002.
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Classification to Increase Accuracy of Alcohol Assessments in Postsecondary Educational Settings.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 67: 24‐331, 2006
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Binge Drinking?” About Campus, 7 (2), 2002,
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Appropriate Intervention Strategies." Journal of College Counseling, 5 : 114‐23, 2002.
Task Force of the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institute on
and Alcoholism. “A Call to Action: Changing the Culture of Drinking at U.S.
Colleges,” (Washington, D. C.: National Institutes of Health, 2002).
The Alcohol Prevention Coalition, Alcohol Prevention Compass Series, “Using Alcohol‐Free Options to
Promote a Healthy Campus Environment,” www.outsidetheclassroom.com
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Wechsler, H. M., Moeykens, B., Davenport, A., Castillo, S., & Hansen. J. “The Adverse Impact of Heavy
Episodic Drinkers on Other College Students.” Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 56, 628‐634. (1995).
A. Public Law 101‐226: The Drug Free Schools and Communities Act Amendment of 1989
B. H.R 3614‐12
C. 2010 UO Annual Security and Fire Safety Report
D. DFSCA Electronic Notification to Students—A copy of the material distributed to all students as
part of the DFSCA Notification can be found at the following website:
E. Annual DFSCA Notice to Employees: “Drugs, Alcohol and the University” annual notice can be
accessed on the HR website:
F. University of Oregon Executive Summary, spring 2010. American College Health
Association/National College Health Assessment II
G. University of Oregon Healthy Campus Initiative