Portland State 1
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PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY
2008 – 2010 BIENNIAL REVIEW
Drug and Alcohol Program and Policies
The Drug Free School and Communities Act (1989) requires institutions of higher education to certify
that they have “adopted and implemented a program to prevent the use of illicit drugs and the abuse of
alcohol by students and employees.” Institutions which fail to meet these requirements may lose
aid. In addition, DFSCA (1989) requires the following:
Annual Distribution of a document to all students and employees with:
- Standards of conduct prohibiting unlawful possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and
alcohol by students and employees.
- A description of the local, State, and Federal laws which provide
sanctions against unlawful
possession or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol.
- A description of the health risks associated with the use of illicit drugs and the abuse of alcohol.
- A description of the treatment resources available to students and employees.
- A clear statement that the college or
university will impose disciplinary sanctions on students
and employees (consistent with local, State, and Federal law).
- A description of those sanctions, up to and including expulsion, or termination of employment
and referral for prosecution. A sanction may include the requirement that the offender
complete an appropriate treatment program.
of a Biennial review by the University of its Drug and Alcohol Program:
- Evaluating its effectiveness.
- Ensuring that the disciplinary sanctions described in the document are consistently enforced.
- Recommending and implementing changes to the program as needed.
Annual Distribution of Program Materials
Program materials include “A Guide for Alcohol and Other Drug Problems” which provides a clear
description of the University’s standards of conduct regarding the use of alcohol and other drugs which
“clearly prohibit…the unlawful possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students and
employees on its property
or as any part of any of its activities.” It describes disciplinary actions and
legal sanctions and the University’s commitment to invoke them. The health risks associated with
alcohol abuse and drug use are listed and the available evaluation, counseling, self‐help groups, and
other rehabilitation resources are identified (Appendix
Portland State University (PSU) has posted the “Guide for Alcohol and Other Drug Problems” on the
university website, and it can be accessed through three different locations: 1) the webpage for Human
Resources, 2) the webpage for the Center for Student Health and Counseling, and 3) the webpage for
Student Affairs. PSU distributes the required materials to faculty, staff, and students via broadcast email
messages to faculty, staff, and students in which a link to the material is provided.
PSU is proud of the broad based efforts maintained to decrease the incidence of and problems
associated with illegal alcohol and drug use and alcohol abuse. At present no statistically significant
material can be generated to measure the effectiveness of the University’s actual prevention of use and
for the next biennium include changes in this area.
Anecdotal evidence abounds, however. Until we can track and monitor the behaviors of a controlled
sample of students pre‐ and post‐exposure to our program we are limited in sound evaluation measures
of the effectiveness of our programs. We are confined
for this reporting period to determining
effectiveness by numbers of students and employees served and their subjective evaluation of program
content, as well as the proliferation of activities that indicate a committed and comprehensive approach
to prevention and rehabilitation. The following is a review of programs implemented during the
Student Housing Managed by Residence Life
In the 2008‐2010 school year, there were 4092 alleged violations involving alcohol and/or drugs with
3844 later being deemed as founded. Of this number, 3303 of the students were found responsible for
violations involving alcohol and 541 of the students were found
responsible for violations involving
Disciplinary action was competently enforced. A college housing staff member responded to 100% of
the incidents in both years.
A diversion program based on the OCTAA model was offered in cooperation with SHAC for tenant
violations involving alcohol. Susan Captein, LCSW provided a psychoeducational class
to these clients. In
2008‐2009 the class was provided to 121 participants and in 2009‐2010, 70 participants.
Staff researched and approved purchasing online educational tools for students to use in order to
prevent future issues and prevent harmful scenarios. Objective: Decrease harm related to impairment
and increase early
Center for Student Health and Counseling (SHAC) Objective:
Provide a full continuum of prevention strategies including identification, education, early intervention,
referral services, and reentry support. Since November 1992 SHAC has included on staff a licensed
clinical social worker with experience in program development to coordinate prevention and
intervention activities as well as provide clinical evaluations, faculty, and
staff training and consultation,
and educational groups (OCTAA).
Two representatives from SHAC and three Residence life staff have weekly community meetings
to increase coordination and communication.
Twice per month a two‐hour OCTAA education group was offered for students, graduate interns, and
An annual in‐service was provided for
clinical staff on identifying and intervening with clients affected by
alcohol and other drugs.
An annual training on alcohol and drug issues was provided for psychiatric residents, psychology interns,
and social work practicum students.
125 students treated at SHAC met the criteria for diagnosis of alcohol or drug abuse/dependence
through 6/30/10 (the 2008‐2010 school years.)
A booth was staffed by SHAC’s drug and alcohol specialist at the annual Orientation for
new and transfer students in both the summer of 2009 and the summer of 2010.
SHAC also invested funding to participate in the National American College Health Association‐National
College Health Assessment (ACHA‐NCHA‐II)
where via random selection, 920 Portland State University
students filled out a comprehensive survey about drug and alcohol use, drunk driving, “partying”
behaviors and other health and safety issues. This survey provided a variety of statistical information on
how often students use alcohol/drugs and their knowledge about the consequences. A
was generated for our specific school and the figures were added to the national database of statistical
information for all schools participating in the study. SHAC staff personally reported to the classrooms
to ensure the lengthy surveys were in fact completed.
Student Conduct Committee
The Student Conduct Committee received alcohol reports and illegal drug
report in the 2008‐2010 school year. They received 119 alcohol reports and illegal drug reports in the
2008‐2010 school year with 9 of these later deemed “not responsible” making the actual founded total
110. (Some of these student
figures may be included in the Campus Public Safety, but they are separate
from the Residence Life reports.) These sanctions had various consequences with a balance of
sanctions, limit setting, and education. Of the total, 45 were given straightforward enforcement
sanctions which included conduct reprimands, registration holds and suspension. The other
were provided with other options including education, a period of monitoring or other types of follow
up. Examples included: educational papers or participating in educational groups, behavioral
agreements, deferred registration holds, mental health services such as assessment or therapy, etc.,
Our future plan in the next biennium is to
provide mandated education by utilizing a nationally
recognized educational alcohol and drug computer course which the student will pay for and will need
to pass the exam in order to continue with university courses. The aim is to increase education,
awareness and most importantly, a prevention response early on in the
student’s educational career.
The future goal is to utilize the educational program software with new students as part of their
freshman orientation to campus for education and prevention of drug and alcohol issues.
Department of Athletics
: The Chemical Health Policy is in effect for all PSU athletes. This policy
requires drug testing for suspicion of use as well as one educational program per year on alcohol and
drugs. The educational program consists of providing each athlete with a pre‐participation
informational packet of NCAA rules and
the PSU Alcohol and Drug Policy. During the 2008‐2010 school
year, a change in procedure consisted of random urine drug screens performed by the NCAA two times
per year on athletes. The agency contacted the Athletic Director to ensure this process occurred. If a
test comes back positive, the
decision‐making occurs through Athletic Director with input from the
coach. Consequences can include an athlete being banned from a season, losing an athletic scholarship,
not returning to campus, etc. Violations also go through the university Student Conduct committee.
The Athletic Department considers that a conviction for driving while under
the influence of alcohol is
evidence of a serious problem of alcohol abuse. A conviction for driving under the influence of
intoxicants (DUII) which arises from an incident during any period of PSU‐supervised conditioning,
weight training, practice, or competition will be treated the same as a positive test for drugs,
as set out
in OAR 577‐033‐0050., Stat. Auth.: ORS 351 & ORS 352/ Stats. Implemented: ORS 351 & ORS 352.
The future goal of the athletic department is to be more organic by working with other departments for
prevention, education and sanctions. The aim is also to use
national research to guide prevention
policy. One area for improvement would be a better internal tracking system on random testing and
resulting sanctions and other practices.
Residence Life‐Athlete Violations:
During the 2008‐2010 school period, Residence Life staff in the
dorms dealt with Athlete violations on campus specifically within dorm areas. The data indicates that
during the 2008‐2010 time period, 7 Athletes were found culpable of an offense for detectible
intoxication or smell and had to experience follow
up sanctions, 4 were found in violation for furnishing
alcohol to a minor, 22 for drinking in the presence of a minor, 4 for drinking substances on “free floors”,
26 for being under age while drinking, 34 for illegal use and abuse of alcohol and illicit drugs, 4 for
by illicit drugs, 4 for possession use, sale or distribution of drugs, and 3 were
present during the use of drugs by others.
New Program: A new life skills and prevention was developed by athletic staff in collaboration with the
community called the “Portland State University Athletics Alcohol Awareness
Program.” On February 22,
2010, 280 student athletes attended. The event occurred one time in the biennial time period. This
educational, preventative program was a grass roots, “hands on” approach to show the athletes the
potential consequences of alcohol and drug use. The program addressed relationship consequences,
sexual and domestic violence,
legal and academic problems. Past athletes did a presentation about their
past struggles with substances and how it impacted their careers. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
representatives were on hand to discuss their services; law enforcement officers and the district
attorney for Multnomah County shared information on legal consequences. Mock trials and
were utilized to ensure current students played an active role in the learning process.
A pre‐test and post‐test were performed in this training. On the pre‐test, only 10% of the students
could answer the 20 alcohol related questions correctly. In the post‐test data, 95%
of the students
significantly improved their scores and felt they had learned vital information on alcohol’s effects to the
body and the consequences of abusing it. This program was created through cooperation by a group of
professionals who volunteered their time and services. The athletics department’s plan is to repeat the
workshop again in the future with some regularity.
Student Health Services
: In the 2008‐2010 school year, 22 patient visit
Student Health Services
: In the 2008‐2010 school year, 22 patient visits were recorded as related to
alcohol and/or drugs. In the 2008‐2009 school period 9 patient visits were recorded as related to
alcohol and/or drugs. In most of these cases, students were referred to SHAC’s counseling services for
further assistance. Once
they were engaged with SHAC’s counseling services, they were evaluated and
referred to outside agencies for care or they were evaluated and referred in‐house for counseling. In
2009‐2010, 11 patient visits were recorded as related to alcohol and/or drugs. In most of these cases,
students were referred to
SHAC counseling services for further assistance. Once they were engaged
with SHAC’s counseling services, they were evaluated and referred to outside agencies for care or they
were evaluated and referred in‐house for counseling.
Self Help Groups:
. Throughout the two year reporting period PSU has provided centrally located
meeting rooms for Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). AA meets each weekday on campus at noon, as well as
Wednesday evenings. Every effort has been made to accommodate these groups so that they can be
assured a consistent meeting place and
time. Since anonymity is the hallmark of these groups, data on
the number of students served is unavailable, but anecdotal reports inform us that these meetings are
well attended on a regular basis.
Campus Public Safety Office
:. The Campus Public Safety Office (CPSO) recorded 107 reports of
violations of either drug or alcohol laws on campus from 1/5/2008‐2010. Of those, 93 resulted in arrests
and disciplinary action was taken in the remaining 14. The Director of Public Safety at PSU is an ex‐
officio member of
the Alcohol and Drug Policy Committee.
Objective: Continue to build on the improved tracking of citations and arrests to indicate whether
alcohol or drugs was involved.
Employee Assistance Program:
. The 2008‐2010 contract was awarded to Reliant Behavioral Health.
Recommendations for Changes in the Program
Improve data collection across the board by increasing database sophistication.
Increase targeting of drunk driving as a prevention focus. The ACHA report does share data on
what students report about their drunk driving behaviors.
Increase programming for freshmen in college housing including the use of the new
education and testing software.
Increase collaboration among campus departments university‐wide in order to increase
opportunities for rehabilitative referrals. Already, the Drug and Alcohol Committee is meeting
monthly and subcommittees have been created to provide specific outcomes for students
including the tobacco program, the peer mentor alcohol and
drug training program, further
expansion of the software use for students as prevention and follow up to violations, updating
our language and definitions shared with students, discussing further ways to use our ACHA
research to better inform our students on campus regarding services offered, etc.,
Enhance campus infrastructure to support
increased identification and screening of substance
abuse among students, faculty, and staff. A specific database with information about Athletes
who are sanctioned with UAs and ongoing monitoring would be helpful.
Seek reliable evaluation instruments for measuring the need for and effectiveness of programs
in changing substance‐use related behavior.
Meet with coaches, athletic trainers, and athletic director to improve educational programming
provision. Staff attend monthly Drug and Alcohol planning meetings. Although the new
preventative program has been created with the community members this year, more can be
Collaborate with Residential Life and Student Affairs staff to provide
timely and appropriate
interventions for students who commit violations that involve substance use.
Take steps to increase legal authority for CPSO to issue citations for alcohol or drug related
Determine the most appropriate method of dissemination of the information contained in this
report to the students and
staff of PSU.
In collecting data for this review, reports were gathered from:
Director of Student Health and Counseling Services at SHAC, Dana Tasson
Alcohol and Drug Prevention Program Coordinator at SHAC, Susan Captein
Assistant Dean of Students, Michele Toppe
Chief of Campus Public Safety Office, Mike Soto
Residence Life Manager, Cory Ray
Athletic Trainer, Rashad Floyd
Statement of Compliance
The University is fully in compliance with the mandate of the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act.
The next review date is scheduled to take place October 2012.
Submitted by Christie Hawkes, MSW under the supervision of Susan Captein, LCSW. Alcohol and Drug
Clinical Program Specialist, Portland State University, Student
Health and Counseling Services,